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Diabetic retinopathy is a diabetes complication that affects the eyes. It is caused by damage to the blood vessels in the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye called the retina. At first, diabetic retinopathy may cause no symptoms or only mild vision problems. Eventually, it could cause blindness.
Over time, diabetes damages the blood vessels in the retina. Diabetic retinopathy occurs when these tiny blood vessels leak blood and other fluids. This causes the retinal tissue to swell, resulting in cloudy or blurred vision. This condition usually affects both eyes but is reversible in 85% of the cases.
Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy include:
- Seeing spots or floaters
- Blurred vision
- Having a dark or empty spot in the center of your vision
- Difficulty with night vision
The Vision Improvement Program increases blood flow to the retina and eyes which will bring back the health and vision of the eyes and help prevent any additional damage to the eyes.